If you are in your early adolescence and and beginning to experience blurred or distorted vision, maybe you are also becoming photosensitive, it is possible that you may have Keratoconus, a condition that comes about when the cornea begins to thins which in turn produces a small bulge in the front of your eye.
Severe cases can accelerate the vision some patients ( although rare) can experience sudden clouding in their vision, this is known as "acute hydrops." resulting from a sudden influx of fluid into the cornea. To date the root cause of Keratoconus is unknown. Research has indicated that it may be a genetic abnormality and also connected to conditions such as eczema and Downs Syndrome. Although cause unknown, it CAN be treated.
The issues caused by the the distorted cornea can be corrected with eye glasses or soft lenses . If it becomes aggressive, a patient may be unable to tolerate special rigid, gas permeable contact lenses and a corneal transplant may have to be conducted. This normally only takes place if corneal scarring has arisen. This is one transplant surgery that is of the most successful and common. A clear donor cornea is sewn into place once the damaged one is removed, with a recovery time, in total, of up to twelve months and corrective lenses or glasses prescribed as necessary.
The introduction of corneal cross-linking, a new treatment where riboflavin drops are inserted into the eye and the cornea then exposed to a period of A (UVA) light therapy takes place is still on clinical trial stage.
The light therapy procedure hardens and stabilizes the corneas, with the goal of preventing further thinning or bulging. The treatment is still in its testing phase, and additional study is needed before it is widely available.