Sjogrens Syndrome (which is pronounced show-grins) is an autoimmune that’s attacks the glands in the body that secrete fluid, such as tear and saliva glands. This condition causes inflammation within the glands, which in turn reduces the production of tears and saliva, which are the main symptoms upon diagnosis of Sjogrens. This in turn causes dry eyes and dry mouth. Women are most likely affect by this.
Whats causes Sjogrens?
This remains unknown but research has lead us to believe that it could be genetic or possibly hormonal. Some people may be more vulnerable to this condition when they are born. In some circumstances, a bacterial or viral infection can also trigger problems within the immune system.
Who is affected?
It is a very common condition which affects about 4% of adults within the UK. It is the second most common autoimmune after Rheumatoid Arthritis. Sjogrens can develop at any age but general cases begin between 40-60 years old. Women will account for 90% of diagnosed cases.
There is no singular test and sometimes, because its symptoms are similar to other conditions, it sometimes can be overlooked. If Sjogrens is suspected, a doctor will ask specific questions about your symptoms and also take a saliva text.
Sjogrens is not life threatening and can be treated with good hygiene. Taking care of yours eyes and mouth daily can prevent some of the problems.